Kentucky Gov. Matt Bevin sued Planned Parenthood Friday.
The Republican, who took office in December, says the women's health provider performed abortions illegally.
"This administration will have no tolerance for the type of brazen disregard that Planned Parenthood has shown for both the safety of women and the rule of law," Bevin said. "We will hold Planned Parenthood accountable for knowingly endangering their patients by providing illegal abortions at a facility that was not properly licensed nor prepared to handle an emergency."
"We are a nation of laws, and my job is to ensure that they are followed," Bevin said.
Bevin, who describes himself as "staunchly pro-life," stressed that the suit was not politically motivated, but rather that Planned Parenthood had performed abortions that violated the law.
Planned Parenthood of Kentucky disagreed.
"We ask that the executive branch continue the licensure process rather than continue to make politically motivated accusations," the organization said in a statement.
The dispute arose over a clinic that opened in December in downtown Louisville, the second clinic in the state to offer abortion services.
Bevin sent the clinic a cease-and-desist letter in January, saying it was performing illegal abortions. The organization apparently did not comply, and Bevin has filed suit.
His November gubernatorial victory against then-Kentucky Attorney General Jack Conway surprised observers. His victory was not projected by polls, and prognosticators had thought he would struggle as a relative political novice with extreme positions, against a moderate establishment candidate in the form of Conway.