Superstorm Sandy, which largely spared the Washington region when it hit Oct. 29 and 30, cost Metro an estimated $5 million, Metro Chief Financial Officer Carol Dillon Kissal told The Washington Examiner. She said the system lost about 900,000 trips by staying closed for more than a day and a half. Already the agency is forecasting that it could be as much as $20 million short on projected revenue from reduced ridership before the storm is taken into account this year. Together the losses could mean the agency will have to undertake what it called "containment strategies" in a recent report. In 2010, when a series of snowstorms hit the region, the agency added a 10-cent surcharge on all trips to augment lower-than-expected fare revenues. - Kytja Weir