The Supreme Court heard arguments Tuesday about police use of GPS tracking without a warrant, appearing deeply disturbed by unlimited use of the technology but uneasy about whether and how to regulate it.

The justices likened their concerns to George Orwell's dystopian novel "1984" in oral arguments in the case of Antoine Jones, a District nightclub owner was arrested in 2005 on cocaine-distribution charges after police placed a GPS device on his vehicle without a valid warrant and tracked the car for a month.

"If you win this case then there is nothing to prevent the police or the government from monitoring 24 hours a day the public movement of every citizen of the United States," Justice Stephen Breyer told Deputy Solicitor General Michael Dreeben, who argued the case for the Justice Department. Breyer added such tracking would "suddenly produce what sounds like '1984.'"

A case with 2 questions
The Supreme Court is considering two questions in the Jones case:
1. Did the installation of a GPS device on his car without a warrant violate his Fourth Amendment right against unreasonable searches and seizures?
2. Did the warrantless use of that device to track his movements for a month violate his Fourth Amendment rights?

Dreeben asserted that using GPS to track vehicles was akin to visual surveillance. The Supreme Court held in a 1983 case that people have no expectation of privacy on public roads. But that case involved a beeper device that helped police maintain a visual on the vehicle during a single trip.

"That seems to me dramatically different," Chief Justice John Roberts said.

The court is not known for its grasp of new technologies, but the justices seemed perturbed by the scenarios they envisioned if warrantless monitoring were allowed.

"With computers, it's now so simple to amass an enormous amount of information about people," Justice Samuel Alito said.

Roberts appeared alarmed when Dreeben said placing a GPS on all of the justices' cars and tracking them for a month posed no constitutional violation.

The justices peppered Dreeben with questions about the implications of long-term, warrantless surveillance, but also pressed Jones attorney Stephen Leckar about how limits could be defined.

Justice Elena Kagan noted that surveillance cameras are pervasive in cities like London.

<table style="float: right; border-collapse: collapse; background-color: aliceblue; padding: 5px 0pt; margin: 5px 15px 5px 0pt; width: 290px; font-family: arial; font-size: 11px; line-height: 12px; border: 1px solid #efe1ab; box-shadow: 5px 5px 5px #cccccc;" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr style="font-size:14px;line-height:15px;color:darkred;"><td><strong>Examiner Archives</strong></td> </tr><tr style="font-size:12px;"><td> <li><a href="http://washingtonexaminer.com/local/dc/2011/06/supreme-court-hear-dc-case-police-gps-tracking">Supreme Court to hear GPS surveillance caseĀ  (11-6-11)</a></li> </td> </tr><tr style="font-size:12px;"><td> <li><a href="http://washingtonexaminer.com/local/crime-punishment/2011/09/report-urges-limits-police-use-gps-tracking">Report urges limits on police use of GPS tracking (9-21-11)</a></li> </td> </tr><tr style="font-size:12px;"><td> <li><a href="http://washingtonexaminer.com/local/dc/2011/06/supreme-court-hear-dc-case-police-gps-tracking">Supreme Court to hear D.C. case on police GPS trackingĀ  (6-27-11)</a></li> </td> </tr></tbody></table> </section> <div class="article-footer"></div> <div class="info-box"></div> <div class="poll"></div> <div class="ndn_embed ndn_embed_pp hidden-print" id="ndn-video-player-2" data-config-distributor-id="91212" data-config-playlist-id="18263"></div> <script> (function(){ var el = document.getElementById('ndn-video-player-2'); 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(AP Photo/Scott Stewart)"> </picture> </a> <small class="text-uppercase text-muted"><a class="article-date text-muted" tabindex="0" rel="nofollow" href="#" data-href="/by-date/2017-10-23T14:55:45-04:00" data-date="2017-10-23T14:55:45-04:00">13 hours ago </a></small> <h5> <a href="/mainstream-scream-abc-analyst-claims-reagans-party-is-gone/article/2638359">Mainstream Scream: ABC analyst claims Reagan's party 'is gone'</a> </h5> </div> </div> <div class="col-sm-6 mb-2 mb-sm-0 postroll-10"> <div class="mb-2 text-center mx-1"> <a href="/changing-401ks-could-have-improved-retirement-security-but-trump-and-republicans-didnt-sell-it-that-way/article/2638356"> <picture class="img"> <source media="(min-width: 960px)" srcset="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/1060x600-df8f0f942c5b5feb25301f4e9054f722.jpg"> <source media="(min-width: 768px)" srcset="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/730x420-df8f0f942c5b5feb25301f4e9054f722.jpg"> <source media="(max-width: 480px)" srcset="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/360x205-df8f0f942c5b5feb25301f4e9054f722.jpg"> <img src="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/730x420-df8f0f942c5b5feb25301f4e9054f722.jpg" alt="Republicans' focus was on "paying for" a tax cut rather than helping Americans save for retirement. 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(AP Photo/Alex Brandon, Pool)"> </picture> </a> <small class="text-uppercase text-muted"><a class="article-date text-muted" tabindex="0" rel="nofollow" href="#" data-href="/by-date/2017-10-23T12:55:45-04:00" data-date="2017-10-23T12:55:45-04:00">15 hours ago </a></small> <h5> <a href="/rex-tillerson-makes-surprise-trip-to-iraq-after-afghanistan-visit/article/2638342">Rex Tillerson makes surprise trip to Iraq after Afghanistan visit</a> </h5> </div> </div> <div class="col-sm-6 mb-2 mb-sm-0 postroll-12"> <div class="mb-2 text-center mx-1"> <a href="/air-force-denies-report-that-nuclear-bombers-are-being-prepared-for-24-hour-alert/article/2638330"> <picture class="img"> <source media="(min-width: 960px)" srcset="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/1060x600-c3d2732a67ce31cd9eb134c8f5a03512.jpg"> <source media="(min-width: 768px)" srcset="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/730x420-c3d2732a67ce31cd9eb134c8f5a03512.jpg"> <source media="(max-width: 480px)" srcset="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/360x205-c3d2732a67ce31cd9eb134c8f5a03512.jpg"> <img src="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/730x420-c3d2732a67ce31cd9eb134c8f5a03512.jpg" alt="A report on Sunday said the Air Force was preparing to put the B-52 Stratofortress aircraft on around-the-clock alert for the first time since the Cold War ended. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Alexa Ann Henderson/Released)"> </picture> </a> <small class="text-uppercase text-muted"><a class="article-date text-muted" tabindex="0" rel="nofollow" href="#" data-href="/by-date/2017-10-23T11:30:15-04:00" data-date="2017-10-23T11:30:15-04:00">16 hours ago </a></small> <h5> <a href="/air-force-denies-report-that-nuclear-bombers-are-being-prepared-for-24-hour-alert/article/2638330">Air Force denies report that nuclear bombers are being prepared for 24-hour alert</a> </h5> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-12"> <div class="mdc--rev mb-2" data-rev-slot-name="article_more_*" data-desktop-size="[728x90]" data-tablet-size="[300x250]" data-mobile-size="[300x250]"></div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-6 mb-2 mb-sm-0 postroll-13"> <div class="mb-2 text-center mx-1"> <a href="/union-activist-who-pushed-15-minimum-wage-resigns-after-sexual-misconduct-claims/article/2638327"> <picture class="img"> <source media="(min-width: 960px)" srcset="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/1060x600-0198474b5ce9cc0ffadef2f1980cd84e.jpg"> <source media="(min-width: 768px)" srcset="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/730x420-0198474b5ce9cc0ffadef2f1980cd84e.jpg"> <source media="(max-width: 480px)" srcset="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/360x205-0198474b5ce9cc0ffadef2f1980cd84e.jpg"> <img src="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/730x420-0198474b5ce9cc0ffadef2f1980cd84e.jpg" alt="Scott Courtney was the executive vice president of the Service Employees International Union, but resigned. (Image courtesy screenshot)"> </picture> </a> <small class="text-uppercase text-muted"><a class="article-date text-muted" tabindex="0" rel="nofollow" href="#" data-href="/by-date/2017-10-23T10:59:30-04:00" data-date="2017-10-23T10:59:30-04:00">16 hours ago </a></small> <h5> <a href="/union-activist-who-pushed-15-minimum-wage-resigns-after-sexual-misconduct-claims/article/2638327">Union activist who pushed $15 minimum wage resigns after 'sexual misconduct' claims</a> </h5> </div> </div> <div class="col-sm-6 mb-2 mb-sm-0 postroll-14"> <div class="mb-2 text-center mx-1"> <a href="/panic-in-gop-over-puerto-rico-fumble/article/2638324"> <picture class="img"> <source media="(min-width: 960px)" srcset="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/1060x600-23c417cd753d3ca272a613e5e1ccbe57.jpg"> <source media="(min-width: 768px)" srcset="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/730x420-23c417cd753d3ca272a613e5e1ccbe57.jpg"> <source media="(max-width: 480px)" srcset="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/360x205-23c417cd753d3ca272a613e5e1ccbe57.jpg"> <img src="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/730x420-23c417cd753d3ca272a613e5e1ccbe57.jpg" alt="President Trump speaks during a meeting with Governor Ricardo Rossello of Puerto Rico in the Oval Office of the White House. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)"> </picture> </a> <small class="text-uppercase text-muted"><a class="article-date text-muted" tabindex="0" rel="nofollow" href="#" data-href="/by-date/2017-10-23T10:29:30-04:00" data-date="2017-10-23T10:29:30-04:00">17 hours ago </a></small> <h5> <a href="/panic-in-gop-over-puerto-rico-fumble/article/2638324">Panic in GOP over Puerto Rico fumble</a> </h5> </div> </div> <div class="col-sm-6 mb-2 mb-sm-0 postroll-15"> <div class="mb-2 text-center mx-1"> <a href="/trump-no-leadership-in-nfl-after-more-players-kneel/article/2638315"> <picture class="img"> <source media="(min-width: 960px)" srcset="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/1060x600-c71549dec7bb556eb59d1e05c177a92b.jpg"> <source media="(min-width: 768px)" srcset="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/730x420-c71549dec7bb556eb59d1e05c177a92b.jpg"> <source media="(max-width: 480px)" srcset="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/360x205-c71549dec7bb556eb59d1e05c177a92b.jpg"> <img src="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/730x420-c71549dec7bb556eb59d1e05c177a92b.jpg" alt="San Francisco 49ers players kneel during the performance of the national anthem before an NFL football game between the 49ers and the Dallas Cowboys. About two dozen NFL players protested during the national anthem on Sunday. (AP Photo/Eric Risberg)"> </picture> </a> <small class="text-uppercase text-muted"><a class="article-date text-muted" tabindex="0" rel="nofollow" href="#" data-href="/by-date/2017-10-23T08:10:45-04:00" data-date="2017-10-23T08:10:45-04:00">19 hours ago </a></small> <h5> <a href="/trump-no-leadership-in-nfl-after-more-players-kneel/article/2638315">Trump: 'No leadership in NFL' after more players kneel</a> </h5> </div> </div> <div class="col-sm-6 mb-2 mb-sm-0 postroll-16"> <div class="mb-2 text-center mx-1"> <a href="/trump-no-change-to-401k-retirement-savings-under-gop-tax-plan/article/2638314"> <picture class="img"> <source media="(min-width: 960px)" srcset="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/1060x600-37e8f9631fc9a019584a0422403ab585.jpg"> <source media="(min-width: 768px)" srcset="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/730x420-37e8f9631fc9a019584a0422403ab585.jpg"> <source media="(max-width: 480px)" srcset="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/360x205-37e8f9631fc9a019584a0422403ab585.jpg"> <img src="http://cdn.washingtonexaminer.biz/cache/730x420-37e8f9631fc9a019584a0422403ab585.jpg" alt=""There will be NO change to your 401(k). This has always been a great and popular middle class tax break that works, and it stays!" Trump tweeted Monday morning. (iStock Photo)"> </picture> </a> <small class="text-uppercase text-muted"><a class="article-date text-muted" tabindex="0" rel="nofollow" href="#" data-href="/by-date/2017-10-23T07:59:30-04:00" data-date="2017-10-23T07:59:30-04:00">19 hours ago </a></small> <h5> <a href="/trump-no-change-to-401k-retirement-savings-under-gop-tax-plan/article/2638314">Trump: No change to 401(k) retirement savings under GOP tax plan</a> </h5> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-12"> <div class="mdc--rev mb-2" data-rev-slot-name="article_more_*" data-desktop-size="[728x90]" data-tablet-size="[300x250]" data-mobile-size="[300x250]"></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="col-md-5 col-lg-4 hidden-xs-down"> <div class="mdc--rev" data-rev-slot-name="article_more_sidebar_*" data-desktop-size="[300x600],[300x250]" data-tablet-size="[300x600],[300x250]" data-mobile-size="[300x600],[300x250]"></div> <div class="mdc--rev mt-2" data-rev-slot-name="article_more_sidebar_*" 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