Peter Schweizer's highly anticipated book Clinton Cash has focused intense scrutiny on the foreign donations and speaking fees that Bill and Hillary Clinton's network attracted while Hillary served as secretary of state.
The book's release prompted widespread discussions over whether foreign money — given either as contributions to the Clinton Foundation or fees for Bill Clinton's speeches — could have created conflicts of interest for the nation's chief diplomat and potential future president.
While Clinton Cash contains no smoking gun, it lays out a pattern in which money flowed to Clinton causes and then one or both Clintons wielded their power on behalf of the sources of that money.
The following 10 anecdotes are just a few included in Schweizer's expose.
Selling support for nuclear deal with India:
Although Hillary Clinton was a vocal advocate for nonproliferation during her 2008 presidential bid, she seemingly shifted gears on the issue after well-connected Indian officials lavished her husband with paid speaking engagements, and his foundation with generous donations.
Indian money began flowing to the philanthropy after a bill that would have softened restrictions on nuclear trade with the country met resistance in Congress. At the time, then-New York Sen. Hillary Clinton was an opponent of the legislation.
Amar Singh, a member of India's parliament, began to pour money into the Clinton Foundation. He donated between $1 million and $5 million, even though it was later revealed his entire net worth was only $5 million.
After a two-hour dinner with Hillary Clinton in New York City in September 2008, Singh told the press in his country that Hillary Clinton had informed him Democrats would not block the nuclear deal and that she had promised to give "all the support" it needed to pass.
Singh simply said "the payment could have been made by someone else on his behalf" when confronted about the fact that his supposed donation to the Clinton Foundation nearly amounted to his entire fortune.
No one ever learned who had provided the payment in Singh's name, but the nuclear deal that Hillary Clinton once opposed eventually passed with her support.
Pressuring Bangladesh to open mines:
Canadian businessman Stephen Dattels gave the Clinton Foundation two million shares of stock in his company, Polo Resources, in June 2009.
The stocks were worth around $40,000 at the time.
Just eight weeks later, the U.S. ambassador in Bangladesh pushed the prime minister there to green-light open pit mining at a mine in which Polo Resources was an investor.
"By donating shares in small mining companies, Dattels is creating a powerful incentive for the Clintons to help his companies succeed," Schweizer wrote, noting that because the donation was in the form of shares, its value to the foundation would go up if the company performed well.
Approval for the mining technique is still pending in the Bangladesh government, the Wall Street Journal reported.
Improving images of human rights violators:
Gulnara Karimova, daughter of the Uzbek dictator who allegedly boils his political opponents alive, was cited as the "single most hated person in the country" in a diplomatic cable.
Karimova's solution, revealed in a message from the State Department to the CIA, was to acquaint herself with Bill Clinton in order to gain favor with Hillary Clinton.
That process began with Karimova hosting a Clinton Foundation fundraiser in Monaco. She posed for photographs with Bill Clinton that prompted media reports describing her as a friend of the former president.
Although Karimova was placed under sustained house arrest before the effects of her Clinton connection could be known, Schweizer pointed to the incident as a rare example in which parties openly acknowledged "what so many foreign oligarchs and interested investors already know" — that access to the Clintons can be used by outsiders as a tool to boost their own fortunes.
Tipping the scale for Keystone XL:
Canada-based TD Bank became a top patron of Bill Clinton's speaking business just as news of President Obama's intention to nominate Hillary Clinton as secretary of state became public.
The diplomatic post would give her decision-making power over the Keystone Pipeline proposal, an infrastructure project in which TD Bank held $1.6 billion worth of shares.
TD Bank paid Bill Clinton $1.8 million for a series of speeches between 2008 and 2011 while his wife mulled the controversial pipeline.
Frank McKenna, vice chair of the financial firm, introduced Bill Clinton at a number of the speeches and gave heavily to his namesake foundation.
When disclosing the TD Bank-funded speeches to the State Department for review, as he was required to do under ethics agreements, Bill Clinton did not appear to indicate the firm's financial interest in Keystone.
Obama bowed to mounting pressure from environmentalist groups and delayed a decision on the project until after the 2012 election, effectively eliminating Hillary Clinton from the process.
Omitting goods from Iran sanctions:
Ericsson, a Swedish telecommunications company, came under fire from the State Department and lawmakers on the Hill for selling telecommunications equipment to state sponsors of terrorism, including Syria and Iran, in the spring of 2011.
State Department officials began debating which goods and services would be blocked under a slate of new Iran sanctions in June of that year. Ericsson's controversial customer base later helped made it a target of a bill preventing the sale of such technologies to "repressive regimes."
The company paid Bill Clinton a speaking fee of $750,000 — more than he had ever earned for such an engagement — the week before his wife's agency released a list of expanded sanctions that omitted telecommunications services and equipment.
In April 2012, Obama signed an executive order banning such sales in Syria and Iran, although documents later showed Ericsson intended to fulfill its existing Iran deals.
Partnering with Bill's employer:
Bill Clinton accepted a position as "honorary chancellor" at Laureate Education Inc. in 2010.
The State Department named Laureate a "global partner" after Bill Clinton was on its payroll. Shortly afterward, the State Department began handing millions of dollars to a nonprofit headed by Douglas Becker, Laureate's chairman. That nonprofit, International Youth Foundation, received a series of grants from the U.S. Agency for International Development.
USAID had funded the International Youth Foundation since 2001, but in the years after Bill Clinton joined Laureate, government grants to the nonprofit "exploded," Schweizer noted.
Clinton quietly stepped down from his position at the education firm late last month, Bloomberg reported.
Greasing a Kazakhstan mining deal:
Frank Giustra, a Bill Clinton friend and heavyweight foundation donor, allegedly used his ties to the former president and first lady to break into a fiercely competitive mining industry in Kazakhstan despite having no experience in uranium.
Giustra's firm, UrAsia Energy, was an outside contender to secure lucrative mining concessions in 2005 when he and Bill Clinton traveled to the country.
Mukhtar Dzhakishev, the Kazakh official in charge of the country's uranium and nuclear industry, claimed in a 2009 video that Hillary Clinton, then a senator, had "pressured Kazakh officials to secure a deal for the Canadians."
Dzhakishev said Kazakhstan's prime minister had been in the U.S. and was schedule to meet with Hillary Clinton before she cancelled and warned that she would not see the Kazakh leader until unspecified "problems" were resolved.
Giustra's company ultimately secured a deal that industry insiders deemed a "mystery" because UrAsia Energy became "a major uranium producer when it didn't even exist before."
Giustra later gave $31.3 million to the Clinton Foundation.
Intervening in African corruption review:
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton allegedly blocked a 2009 attempt by Congolese officials to remedy a mining contract that had been secured using bribery and other "questionable methods."
The company in question, First Quantum Minerals, was founded by a Swedish investor that had ties to the Clintons dating back to their days in Arkansas.
Jean-Raymond Boulle had encouraged Bill Clinton to invest in an Arkansas diamond mine when he was governor of the state.
In 2012, Hillary Clinton's State Department restored First Quantum's business license and ensured it received $1.25 billion for its Congolese assets by pressuring the government there.
Steering contracts to major donor:
Hillary Clinton traveled to Moscow to deliver what she called a "shameless pitch" to the Russian government on behalf of Boeing in 2009.
She helped the aerospace giant secure a multi-billion dollar deal to provide aircraft for the country's state-owned commercial fleet just before Boeing wrote a $900,000 check to the Clinton Foundation.
The corporation was also involved in funding a political event of personal significance to Hillary Clinton at the State Department after the agency reportedly brushed aside ethical guidelines to secure a $2 million contribution.
Allowing a Russian nuclear takeover:
A state-owned Russian energy agency took over a Canadian company, Uranium One, that controlled such a large stake in America's uranium deposits that the deal required approval from Hillary Clinton and other cabinet-level officials.
Giustra served as a "financial advisor" to Uranium One through his firm, Endeavour Financial, as the deal unfolded.
The Clinton Foundation failed to disclose significant donations from individuals and entities involved in the Uranium One transaction, including the $2.35 million Uranium One chair Ian Telfer funneled to the charity through another foundation under his control.
"Despite a long record of publicly opposing such deals, Hillary didn't object," Schweizer wrote of the takeover. "Why the apparent reversal? Could it be because shareholders involved in the transaction had transferred approximately $145 million to the Clinton Foundation or its initiatives?"