North Korea was slapped with a new round of sanctions by the United Nations Security Council in response to the regime's latest nuclear weapons test.

Ambassador Nikki Haley, the top U.S. diplomat at the UN, led the push for an aggressive sanctions package over the last week.

"Today, we are attempting to take the future of the North Korean nuclear program out of the hands of its outlaw regime," Haley said. "We are done trying to prod the regime to do the right thing. We are now acting to stop it from having the ability to do the wrong thing."

Russian and Chinese opposition to the original draft of the sanctions resolution threatened to derail the proposal, but the U.S. and other allies salvaged the process by watering down some of the toughest provisions to avoid a veto of the resolution.

"[I]t is a very significant set of additional sanctions on imports into North Korea and on exports out of North Korea and other measures as well," Matthew Rycroft, the United Kingdom's ambassador to the UN, told reporters ahead of Monday evening's vote.

The new sanctions resolution imposes a variety of new restrictions, most notably a ban on North Korea's textile exports and a reduction of the regime's ability to import oil. That's short of the outright oil embargo the U.S. side originally sought; the embargo, along with a proposed freeze of dictator Kim Jong Un's assets, was removed in order to evade the threat of a Russian or Chinese veto of the resolution.

"I am concerned cutting off the oil supply to North Korea may cause damage to people in hospitals or other ordinary citizens," Russian President Vladimir Putin said last week in opposition to the original proposal. "We do not need to react emotionally and corner North Korea into a dead end."

President Trump's team warned the United States might impose unilateral sanctions on companies that do business with North Korea — a threat directed chiefly at Russia and China — but the administration ultimately decided a more modest resolution was a preferable outcome.

"The time scale for this one is really ambitious, we think rightly so," a Western diplomat said of the original resolution. "We think it's important that the Security Council is united in responding to what Pyongyang has done."