President Obama would veto the bill delaying his smog regulations from going into effect if it made it to his desk, the White House announced Tuesday.
The Office of Management and Budget said the president's advisers would recommend he veto the legislation, which has received backing from industry groups.
The bill "would undermine the vitally important environmental and health protections in the [Clean Air Act]," OMB said.
Introduced by Rep. Pete Olson, R-Texas, the Ozone Standards Implementation Act of 2016 would slow the EPA's implementation of new ozone standards, which were tightened to 70 parts per billion last year from the previous 75 parts per billion.
The bill would delay the implementation of the EPA's new ozone standards by allowing communities to not be labeled as non-compliant until 2025. It also would change the Clean Air Act by requiring the agency to review ozone standards every 10 years instead of every five years.
According to the White House, if the bill went into effect, it would delay a regulation that would "otherwise improve air quality for millions of Americans." The White House also said the bill would cause people to live in places with unhealthy amounts of ozone for 10 years longer than they otherwise would.
Critics of the stricter standards point out that some wilderness areas, such as Yosemite National Park, would not be in compliance. They say it's tough for wilderness areas to reduce their ozone amounts simply because there's no way to reduce naturally occurring ozone.
However, the Environmental Protection Agency says most areas of the country will reach compliance by 2025 without changing their current practices.
The new standard also angered environmentalists, who believe they don't go far enough. Environmentalists want the standard dropped to 65 or 60 parts per billion.
Ozone is the primary component of smog and can cause respiratory illnesses in children and the elderly, such as making the symptoms of asthma worse.
The White House wrote that the changes the bill would make to the ozone standards would ensure business interests come before public health.
The bill "would jeopardize progress toward cleaner air and significantly delay health benefits worth billions of dollars for millions of Americans, including those most vulnerable — children, older adults, and people with asthma," the White House said.